Esther Greenglass states that in 1972, the field of psychology was still male-dominated, women were totally excluded.
The use of the word women in conjunction with psychology was forbidden, men refused to be excluded from the narrative.
In her book, Feminine Psychology, which is a collection of articles Horney wrote on the subject from 1922–1937, she addresses previously held beliefs about women, relationships, and the effect of society on female psychology.
Constantinople and Bem both agreed that men and women possess masculinity and femininity, and that having both is being psychologically androgynous and a cause to be psychologically fixed or evaluated.
Feminist psychology is oriented on the values and principles of feminism.
Gender issues can include the way people identify their gender (male, female, genderqueer; transgender or cisgender), how they have been affected by societal structures related to gender (gender hierarchy), the role of gender in the individual's life (such as stereotypical gender roles), and any other gender related issues.
In 1942 Edward Strecker made "mom-ism" an official pathological syndrome under the APA.
He believed that the country was under threat because mothers weren't emotionally disconnecting from their children at a young enough age, and the matriarchy was making young men weak and losing their "man power".