The Royal Game of Ur, which was played in Ancient Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) is one of civilization’s earliest board games.
Two gameboards were found by British archaeologist Sir Charles Leonard Woolley in 1920 while he was excavating the Royal Tombs of Ur – the boards were dated to around 2600 BCE.
The pieces come in two types: small spheres similar to marbles and ivory pieces in the shapes of lions and lionesses.
Mehen’s exact rules and gameplay are unkown, but historians believe that up to six people were able to play the game.
Although the games exact origins are unknown, Go is believed to have originated in China sometime around 3,000 – 4,000 years ago.
The game’s rules changed as it was played in different countries and the oldest game with rules almost identical to modern Backgammon was called “tabula” from the Byzantine Empire in Greece dating back to around 480 AD.
Checkers also called Draughts is one of the oldest board games in the world that is still played today.
While the exact origins of Chess are unknown, most historians agree that the game originated in India during the Gupta Empire around the 6 century AD – some historians believe it originated in China.
The early form of the game from India was called chaturanga, which featured “four divisions of the military”: infantry, cavalry, elephantry, and chariotry – these game pieces eventually evolved into the modern-day pawn, knight, bishop, and rook, respectively.